Platelet-rich Plasma (PRP) is a concentration of platelets taken from the individual's own blood. While platelets are widely known to cause clotting, their use in the treatment of connective tissue disease is due to their role in the healing process.
Tendons, ligaments, and joints have a poor blood supply, meaning it is difficult for these tissues to receive the nutrients needed to stimulate repair.
An injection of PRP to the injured site provides the tissue with healing growth factors that are otherwise difficult for the body to deliver because of the poor blood supply.
The blood is then placed in a centrifuge where the rapid spinning process separates the prp from the rest of the blood cells.
The injection can also restart a healing inflammatory process, which is why patients are often given initial activity restrictions.
Rehabilitation exercises should be completed after the injection to rebuild strength and flexibility.
PRP begins by collecting blood from the individual. the amount of blood needed is determined by the size of the area to be treated.
The blood is then placed in a centrifuge where the rapid spinning process separates the PRP from the rest of the blood cells.
The prp layer is then available for injection into the injured tissue. sometimes the injection is performed under ultrasound guidance to ensure accurate placement.
The patient is educated about activity restrictions and encouraged to rest the area for a couple weeks, avoiding any vigorous or strenuous activities.
The patient can then begin the rehabilitation process.